An electrician is a trained tradesman specializing in the wiring of residential buildings, electrical transmission lines, industrial machinery, and other related electrical items. Electricians can be employed either in the construction of new electrical equipment or the repairing and maintenance of existing electrical infrastructure, such as houses, offices, hospitals, and schools. Electricians are also involved in the design and planning of new power plants, including construction and implementation of facilities, management of electrical systems at power stations, and training of service and other personnel involved in the operation and maintenance of power plants.
Electricians perform various duties and must possess specific educational and technical skills to qualify for the job. Electricians must have completed high school, obtain a GED, pass a licensing exam, and obtain CNA certification. They may be required to undergo training and obtain additional education to become certified. Electricians must know how to read plans, how to analyze electrical code, how to construct and install conduit, how to safely install wiring, and how to maintain electrical equipment. They may also need to possess specialized knowledge in areas such as building maintenance, safety regulations, electrical safety, electrical wiring and electrical code violations. Some electricians will specialize in particular aspects of an individual industry.
There are two types of electrician: licensed journeyman and licensed professional. Licensed journeyman electricians work in their own shops and do not offer electrical systems for commercial or residential purposes. Licensed professionals, on the other hand, can offer the same services as journeymen but are more likely to work for larger companies that provide commercial and/or residential electrical systems. Either type of electrician may be employed at residential or commercial properties. The requirements for becoming a licensed electrician vary by state.
In contrast to the qualifications and licensing requirements for journeyman or professional electricians, the requirements for a maintenance electrician are less strict. Maintenance electricians are allowed to work as long as they have been properly trained and completed all required examinations. This type of electrician works for some of the same companies that provide commercial electrical services. However, they generally only have specific tasks they are responsible for, such as installing and repairing circuit breakers, testing fuses, changing the wiring in a home, or installing and repairing exterior lights.
If you are interested in becoming an auto electrician, the best way to learn the necessary skills for the job is by obtaining job training and certification. There are four main trade groups involved in providing electrician training. These include National Association of Electrical Manufacturers (NEMA), Inc., American Council for Electrical Contractors (ACEC), and National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA). To become certified through one of these trade groups, an electrician must pass an exam that covers the material taught in a particular NEMA or ACEC course. The exams test both the general knowledge of electrical systems and specific information on lighting, control systems, and load management.
Before you can be considered for a journeyman electrician job, you must first be approved by your employer to work in your field. Then, find a local experienced electrician who will accept your low voltage or residential electrical service calls. Your final testing will consist of both a written and oral exam. After passing the test, you will receive your certificate. There are no licensing requirements for journeyman level or commercial certifications.